11-20 DBCDC BAABD
21-30 DACDC BACBB
36. tongue 37. official 38. administration 39 commerce
40 spread 41 disadvantaged 42 confidence 43 investigate
44. come to understand how it is used as a symbol of both individual identity and social connection
45. infants born into English-speaking communities acquire their language before they learn to use folks and knives
46. You are encourage to develop your own individual responses to various practical and theoretical issues.
11. W: I forgot to tell you that Fred called last night to borrow your sleeping bag.
M: Oh, I saw him at the gym this morning, but he didn’t say anything. So he must have asked somebody else.
Q: What does the man imply?
12. W: These summer days are getting to be more than I can take. It was even too hot to go to the pool yesterday.
M: Hang in there. According to the weather report we should have some relief by the end of the week.
Q: What does the man mean?
13. W: Well, tonight we have Professor Brown in our studio to talk about the famous oil painting of Queen Victoria. Good evening, professor.
M: Good evening, madam, my pleasure to be here tonight.
Q: What is the woman doing?
14. M: The plants next to the window always look brown. You wouldn’t know by looking at them that I water them every week.
W: Maybe they don’t like direct sunlight. I had the same problem with some of my plants. And a little shade helps them immensely.
Q: What does the woman imply?
15. M: I’m really exhausted, Mary. But I don’t want to miss the Hollywood movie that comes on at 11.
W: If I were you, I’d skip it. We both have to get up early tomorrow. And anyway I’ve heard it’s not as exciting as advertised.
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
16. M: Those modern sculptures over there are really weird. Don’t you think so?
W：Well, I couldn’t stand them either at first. But now I’ve come to like modern art, particularly those sculptures carved by Italian artists.
Q: What does the woman mean?
17. M: I’m really glad our club decided to raise money for the children’s hospital. And most of the people we phoned seemed happy to contribute.
W: Yeah! I agree. Now that we’ve gone through all the numbers on our list, I guess we can call it a day.
Q: What do we learn about the speakers?
18. M: Have you heard of Professor Smith? I’m thinking of taking an advanced engineering course with him. What do you think?
W: Yeah! You really should. He’s published dozens of books so far, once been recommended as a textbook for postgraduates.
Q: What does the woman imply?
Long conversation one
W: You’re the editor of Public Eye. What kind of topics does your program cover?
M: Well, there are essentially domestic stories. We don’t cover international stories. We don’t cover party politics or economics. We do issues of general social concern to our British audience. They can be anything from the future of the health service to the way the environment is going downhill.
W: How do you choose the topic? Do you choose one because it’s what the public wants to know about or because it’s what you feel the public ought to know about?
M: I think it’s a mixture of both. Sometimes you have a strong feeling that something is important and you want to see it examined and you want to contribute to a public debate. Sometimes people come to you with things they are worried about and they can be quite small things. They can be a story about corruption in local government, something they cannot quite understand, why it doesn’t seem to be working out properly, like they are not having their litter collected properly or the dustbins emptied.
W: How do you know that you’ve got a really successful program? One that is just right for the time?
M: I think you get a sense about it after working in it in a number of years. You know which stories are going to get the attention. They are going to be published just the point when the public are concerned about that.
19. What kind of topics does Public Eye cover?
20. How does Public Eye choose its topics?
21. What factor plays an important role in running a successful program?
Long conversation Two
W: Hi, Professor Smith. I hear you’ve written a book titled Visions.
M: Yes. It explains how science will revolutionize the 21st century.
W: Could I ask you some questions concerning the book?
W: Are you optimistic about the future?
M: Generally, yeah. If we go back to the year of 1900, most Americans didn’t live beyond the age of 50. Since then, we’ve had improvements in health care and technology. There is no reason why these won’t continue far into the 21st century.
W: Are we ready for the changes that will come?
M: Changes are already happening. The future is here now. We have DNA, microchips, the internet. Some people’s reaction is to say, we are too old; we don’t understand new technology. My reaction is to say, we must educate people to use new technology now.
W: Is world population going to be a big problem?
M: Yes, and no. I think that world population will stop increasing as we all get richer. If you are a part of the middle class, you don’t want or need 12 children.
W: Will there be a world government?
M: Very probably. We will have to manage the world and its resources on a global level because countries alone are too small.
W: Will we have control of everything?
M:I think we’ll learn to control the weather, volcanoes and earthquakes. Illness won’t exist. We’ll grow new livers, kidneys, hearts, and lungs like spare parts for a car. People will live to about 130 or 150. For 2000 years, we have tried to understand our environment. Now we’ll begin to control it.
Q22-25 are based on the conversation you just heard.
22. What does Professor Smith say about most Americans around the year of 1900?
23. What does Professor Smith advice we do?
24. When will the world population stop growing according to Professor Smith?
25. What does Professor Smith think human beings will be able to do?
English is the leading international language. In different countries around the globe, English is acquired as the mother (36) tongue, in others it’s used as a second language. Some nations use English as their (37) official language, performing the function of (38) administration; in others it’s used as an international language for business, (39) commerce and industry.
What factors and forces have led to the (40) spread of English? Why is English now considered to be so prestigious that, across the globe, individuals and societies feel (41) disadvantaged if they do not have (42) confidence in this language? How has English changed through 1,500 Years? These are some of the questions that you (43) investigate when you study English.
You also examine the immense variability of English and (44) come to understand how it is used as a symbol of both individual identity and social connection. You develop in-depth knowledge of the intricate structure of the language. Why do some non-native speakers of English claim that it’s a difficult language to learn, while (45) infants born into English -speaking communities acquire their language before they learn to use forks and knives? At the University of Sussex, you are introduced to the nature and grammar of English in all aspects. This involves the study of sound structures, the formation of words, the sequencing words and the construction of meaning, as well as examination of the theories explaining these aspects of English usage. (46) You're encouraged to develop your own individual responses to various practical and the oretical issues, which are raised by studying how speakers and writers employ English for a wide variety of purposes.